Tessens, L. (2008). A review of current practices in women-only staff development programmes at Australian universities.
This article reviewed female-only staff development programs offered at Australian universities and raised questions about their effectiveness in promoting a more equitable gender balance. Comparisons were made between developmental and skill-based training programs, and smorgasbord and cohort programs. A key consideration made whether programs stated a philosophical approach, and whether they adopted a deficit view whereby women are assisted to develop needed skills and abilities, or whether programs supported women to develop their own leadership styles, and challenge structures or cultures. Whether a program had a steering committee, planning group or strategic plan was related to the adoption of a dual agenda where development was accompanied by strategic interventions designed to challenge organizational cultures (based on de Vries, 2006).